Dr. M. Visvesvaraya: Reason for celebrating Engineer Day

Dr. M. Visvesvaraya was born on this day. As a tribute to Visvesvaraya, who was awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1955, his date of birth has been dedicated as Engineer Day. Dr. M. Visvesvaraya built Asia’s Biggest Dam at a time when cement was not produced in the country. Dr. M. Visvesvaraya did a lot of work in the interest of farmers, he was also called Father of Mysore.

India did not have better engineering facilities until a few decades ago. In such a situation, an engineer of normal stature proved that there is no dearth of talent in India by constructing a huge dam. If they get a chance, then they can make possible tasks that are said to be impossible. Shocking the entire world by constructing a massive dam on its own, M. Visvesvaraya was born on 15 September 1860 in the village of Kolar district in Mysore (present-day Karnataka). Father Srinivasa Shastri was a Sanskrit scholar and Ayurvedic doctor, while mother Venkachamma was a house wife.

 Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya

Visvesvaraya was fifteen years old when his father died. After completing primary school after living in Chikballapur, he came to Bangalore for further studies. The family’s financial condition was not good, but they were brilliant students. In 1881 Visvesvaraya passed the BA examination from Central College of Madras (Chennai) University. After this, with the help of the Government of Mysore, he got admission in engineering in Science College of (Pune). Tops the LCE and FCE exams in 1883. This examination is today’s B.E. Was equivalent to.

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Made Asia’s best dam without cement:

Dr. M. Visvesvaraya
Dr. M. Visvesvaraya

After passing the engineering examination, the Bombay government got Visvesvaraya an assistant engineer job in Nashik. While working as an engineer, he did a lot of work for the farmers especially in the country. He got the water of the Indus river supplied to Sukkur village. Started a new system of irrigation block system, first put iron doors in the dam, so that fast flow of water can be stopped firmly and supply this water to the fields when needed. He played an important role in the construction of Krishnaraja Sagar Dam in Mysore, Dam on Khadakwasla reservoir of Poona, Tigra Dam in Gwalior.

It is necessary to mention here the construction project of the ‘Krishna Raja Sagar’ dam in 1932. At that time he was the Chief Engineer there. It was not so easy to build a dam in those days, because cement was not ready in the country in those days. Visvesvaraya along with local engineers prepared a ‘mortar’ which was stronger than cement. The dam was constructed with the help of mortar, at that time it was the largest dam in Asia.

Father of mysore:

Father of Mysore
Father of Mysore

In the year 1906, the Government of India sent Visvesvaraya to Aden for an in-depth study of the drainage system. The Aden government successfully implemented many of the projects of Mr. Vishvesvaraya in Aden. He developed Hyderabad City technically well. It was here that he developed the flood protection system. In order to prevent sea erosion, he strengthened the security system of the port of Visakhapatan. Shri Visvesvaraya did so much for the state of Mysore that he came to be called Father of Mysore.

An interesting but true story:

Dr. M. Visvesvaraya
Dr. M. Visvesvaraya

Once during the British era, a train full of passengers was going. Most of the British passengers were in the train. At the same time, a normal person was sitting in a calm posture. The British were laughing at his dark complexion and medium height, considering him foolish and illiterate. Suddenly that person got up and pulled the chain of the train. As soon as the train stopped, British passengers flared on it. Then the guard of the train came, he asked him why did you pull the chain? The person said, I think the track ahead is not right. The guard asked how do you know? The person said that I felt that the train was not running at a natural pace. The guard got the address, the person was proved right.

A few km ahead the nut bolts connecting the tracks were left open. Now all the British travelers from the guards started praising him. The guard asked who you are The person said my name is Dr. M. Visvesvaraya, I am an engineer. By that time Visvesvaraya had become very popular in the whole of India because of his work and was known as ‘Sir MV’. As soon as he introduced himself, all the British present there bowed their heads and greeted him and apologized to him, to which Dr. M. Visvesvaraya said, I do not remember what you said. Dr. M. Visvesvaraya died on 14 April 1962.


Abhishek Jha

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